The Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando was the first official art institution in Spain and was founded, after several failed attempts, on 12 April 1752 with its headquarters in the Casa de la Panadería in the Plaza Mayor and moved to the Palacio Goyeneche in Calle Alcalá in 1773, where it has remained ever since. The reasons for this move were mainly due to the lack of space given the massive influx of students, predominantly male. However, this does not prevent a striking number of women from being found in the institution who developed their artistic skills, not from a professional point of view but as a hobby. Women did not join as students or even accede to positions of relevance, except for a few who managed to become official members by other means: “honorary academician”, “merit academician” and “supernumerary academician”. It should be added that the majority of women linked to the ACademy are academics of merit, sharing the title with that of honorary academician, reaching a total of fifty.
Project: 11. Science and culture as representation in Europe., 8. Women and the change for gender equality in Europe.
Chronology: XVIII, XIX
Scope: Secondary education, Baccalaureate, University
Resource type: Image
Format: Oil on canvas (56 x 45 cm)
Source: Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (Madrid)
Owner: Álvaro Romero González (Modernalia)
Copyright: Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (Madrid)
Abstract: Women academics at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in 18th and 19th century MadridImage