During the late 15th century and throughout the 16th century, knowledge of terrestrial geography, both physical and human, made great strides. Christopher Columbus, Giovanni Caboto and Amerigo Vespucci explored North and South America and consigned them to history. Meanwhile, Vasco da Gama was the first European to sail across the Indian Ocean to Asia, while Ferdinand Magellan and Francis Drake, who completed the circumnavigation of the globe, confirmed the geographic position of North and South America, which meanwhile became part of maps and world maps, in ever-increasing numbers.
This century of exploration saw the first contacts between different peoples that brought alliances, trade, wars and slavery. These contacts laid the foundation for the modern globalized world.
Collection: Images, Multimedia
Project: 9. Travels and travelers: economic, social and cultural connections.
Chronology: XVI CE
Scope: Primary, Secondary Education, Higher Education
Resource type: Image/video/Text
Source: PBS Education
Date: 1572, 1577, 1587
Owner: Beatrice Borghi (Modernalia)
Copyright: PBS Education
Abstract: The era of great discovieries