From the first extractions of the metal that date back to over 6000 years ago in the area of northern Africa, the Indus Valley, Mesopotamia and the eastern part of the Mediterranean, we will focus on its use in Egyptian culture (economic, political and religious role ), in particular on the role assumed in the process of divinization of the pharaohs and the birth of the cities up to its monetary function (Lydia, western Asia Minor from 560 BC to 546 BC, first minting of gold coins by King Croesus), to Etruscan and Roman civilizations (apex of excellence in the use of gold to make objects even before coins, emphasizing its industrial function). Transversely up to its current use and trade: eg. in Italy with the law n. 7 of 2000 aimed at liberalizing the market, allowing all Italians to buy and sell it. The “Via del Sale” is a network of small detours. Its path is very ancient and winds through Piedmont, France and Liguria, where once traders transported the salt from the coast to the hinterland.
Collection: Images, Texts
Project: 9. Travels and travelers: economic, social and cultural connections.
Chronology: From antiquity to the actuality
Scope: Primary, Secondary Education, Higher Education
Resource type: Image, Text
Source: Lonelyplanet Italia
Date: XIII - XX CE
Owner: Beatrice Borghi (Modernalia)
Copyright: LonleyPlanet, Italia
Abstract: The ancient itineraries of the gold and salt routes. In particular, the focus is on the city of Timbuktu. The Cervi salt museum.