Europe is today home to major Muslim populations because of a modern history in which the Ottoman presence over a part of the continent was accompanied by colonial domination of European powers, with its subsequent effects on economic migrations. Here we will examine three aspects of the relation between gender, Islam, and Europe. First, we will concentrate on the systems of representation built by European cultural elites with respect to Muslims, as well as their variation according to class, race, and gender. Second, we will broach the policies of nation states toward their Muslim populations, which have fluctuated between assimilation and stigmatization depending on the period and location, in addition to the responses of Muslim elites who juggled between religion-based community building and integration within broader national. Finally, we will concentrate on the ability to act of Europe’s Muslims, which is reflected in the variety of their gender discourses and practices.
Collection: Images, Texts
Project: 10. Churches and religions in Europe.
Chronology: 19th-21st century
Scope: Secondary Education, Higher Education
Resource type: Article
Source: Encyclopédie d'histoire numérique de l'Europe
Language: English and French
Date: 19th-21st century
Owner: Filippo Galletti (Modernalia)
Abstract: Article by Fabio Giomi published in the Encyclopédie d'histoire numérique de l'Europe (2020)