The century of the Enlightenment was the century of the master painter Francisco de Goya, José Cadalso and the musician Domingo Arquimbau, but it was also the century of women, not forgetting that it was the scene of the first Tonadilla divas and of many aristocratic ladies who practised artistic activities as entertainment. The chapter deals with the crucial role played by some well-educated women with an interest in culture and high social standing, such as María Josefa Alfonso Pimentel, María Francisca de Sales Portocarrero (Countess of Montijo) and Josefa Amar y Borbón, who favoured the creation of literary salons and social clubs or conversation houses, as Jovellanos called them. These salons challenged the patterns and models belonging to traditionally male spheres. This video documentary shows biographical sketches of the lives of these women and their drive to protect culture and the figure of numerous artists, writers and philosophers. Their lives were not easy, as they had to fight and defend themselves from constant attack by institutions, including the Inquisition.
Project: 4. Family, daily life and social inequality in Europe., 8. Women and the change for gender equality in Europe.
Scope: Secondary Education, Baccalaureate, University
Resource type: Video
Owner: Daniel Maldonado Cid (Modernalia)
Copyright: © Corporación de Radio y Televisión Española
Abstract: Documentary dedicated to María Josefa Alfonso Pimentel, María Francisca de Sales Portocarrero (Countess of Montijo) and Josefa Amar y Borbón