The 18th century was one of the most transcendental periods in the history of the Kingdom of Murcia. The Enlightenment, the beginning of the industrial revolution in certain countries and the splendid demographic growth together with monarchical absolutism and political centralism are just some of the most important events of the century. For Spain, one of the most important situations was the War of Succession to the Spanish crown (1701-1714), which began after the death of Charles II “the Bewitched” (the last of the Habsburgs) and the establishment of the Bourbon monarchy with the proclamation of Philip V. The fact that the then bishop of the Diocese of Cartagena, D. Luis Belluga y Moncada (1616) was the bishop of the Diocese of Cartagena. Luis Belluga y Moncada (1662-1743) supported the cause of the Bourbons clearly conditioned the immediate future of the Kingdom of Murcia, as it became a frontier zone against the supporters of the House of Habsburg and the scene of battles such as the so-called Huerto de las Bombas or the one in which the miracle of the Virgen de las Lágrimas (Monteagudo) took place. Appointed cardinal of the Church in 1719, he was responsible for his notable work in the social field with the creation of the Pious Foundations and other initiatives such as the College of San Leandro and the Casa de la Misericordia (House of Mercy). Likewise, his good relations with the monarchy did not prevent him from becoming a champion of the rights of the Church in the face of the royalist trend.
Project: 10. Churches and religions in Europe., 11. Science and culture as representation in Europe.
Scope: Baccalaureate, University
Resource type: Image
Format: Oil on canvas, 215x130 cm
Source: Palacio Episcopal, Obispado de Cartagena
Owner: Blanca Rodríguez Hernández (Modernalia)
Copyright: Diócesis de Cartagena (Murcia)
Abstract: Portrait by P. Pedemonte of Cardinal D. Luis Belluga and Moncada (1662-1743)