The growth of Spanish trade through the American trade at the end of the 18th century played an important role in the beginnings of the Catalan cotton industry. Two of the main points on the peninsula were the main points for the entry and re-export of American goods: Barcelona and Cadiz, with the latter enclave assuming a predominant position between 1760 and 1770, as in 1790 the city of Cadiz took the lead until 1796. The year 1787 is considered a year of commercial and industrial paralysis as Catalonia experienced an economic crisis, which had an impact on cotton imports. However, the recovery and leadership in cotton imports reached its peak in 1793 when Barcelona received a total of 27 ships with American cotton, as well as in 1784 and 1791, years in which several large shipments were received. On the other hand, the right-hand column shows the number of Catalan ships involved in importing American cotton. In this sense, the Catalan shippers established an autonomous stake in the colonial trade.
Project: 2. Social and economic impact of technological revolutions in Europe., 9. Travels and travelers: economic, social and cultural connections.
Scope: Secondary Education, Baccalaureate, University
Resource type: Statistics
Source: Thomson, J. K. J., «The Spanish Trade in American Cotton: Atlantic Synergies in the Age of Enlightenment», Revista de Historia Económica, Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 26, 2 (2008), pp. 277–314.
Owner: Álvaro Romero González (Modernalia)
Copyright: © J. K. J. Thomson, © Revista de Historia Económica
Abstract: Years of ships arriving in Barcelona carrying American cotton (1781-1799)Image