At the end of the seventeenth century, the island of Cuba underwent a series of institutional transformations that resulted in a reformulation of the colonial pact between the local elites and the crown. This series of changes affected the structure of property ownership, agricultural production and the growth and composition of the population, making the island the world’s leading colonial sugar producer. The annual number of births showed an upward trend, increasing threefold between 1755-1810. The graph shows three periods of growth in births (1765-1770, 1780-1796 and 1800-1810) and three periods of stability (1755-1765-1770-1780 and 1796-1800). However, the annual number of deaths generally exceeded the number of births, so that black population growth was negative during almost the entire period, with the exception of 1783-1794 and 1805-1810. It should be added that annual fluctuations were more frequent and more intense among deaths than among births due to epidemic outbreaks.
Project: 3. Rural world and urban world in the formation of the European identity., 4. Family, daily life and social inequality in Europe.
Chronology: XVII, XVIII, XIX
Scope: Secondary Education, Baccalaureate, University
Resource type: Graph
Format: Line chart
Source: Urrego Mesa, Alexander, «Cambio institucional y sociedad esclavista: la intensificación del mercado de trabajo esclavo en Matanzas (Cuba), 1755–1810», Historia Agraria, 80 (2018), pp. 49–84.
Owner: Álvaro Romero González (Modernalia)
Copyright: © Alexander Urrego Mesa © Revista de Historia Agraria
Abstract: Evolution of births, deaths and natural growth of the black population in Matanzas, Cuba, between 1755 and 1810Image